Joffre, Joseph-Jacques-Césaire

(1852-1931)
   marshal of France
   Known chiefly for his command of the French army during World War I, Joseph-Jacques-Césaire Joffre was born in Rivesaltes and educated at the École polytechnique in Paris. Joffre served in French colonies in Africa and Asia and, in 1902, was made brigadier general. Commander in chief of the French armies in the north at the beginning of World War i, he achieved a successful counterattack against the German forces that had invaded France in August 1914. His initial victory, known as the First Battle of the Marne, caused the Germans to abandon their march toward Paris. Joffre became a national hero, but his subsequent failure to break the German lines, and the heavy losses later at Verdun (1916), caused dissatisfaction with his leadership. in December 1916, he was replaced by General george nivelle as active commander of the French forces, although Joffre still retained the title of commander in chief. He was subsequently made a marshal of France and, in 1918, was elected to the Académie Française. Marshal Joffre has left his Memoires (posthumous, 1932).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joffre, Joseph Jacques Césaire — Jof·fre (zhôfʹrə), Joseph Jacques Césaire. 1852 1931. French field marshal who commanded the Allied armies in France during World War I. * * * …   Universalium

  • Joffre, Joseph-Jacques-Césaire — ▪ French general born Jan. 12, 1852, Rivesaltes, Fr. died Jan. 3, 1931, Paris  commander in chief (1914–16) of the French armies on the Western Front in World War I, who won fame as “the Victor of the Marne.”       After graduating from the École …   Universalium

  • Joffre, Joseph (-Jacques-Césaire) — (12 ene. 1852, Rivesaltes, Francia–3 ene. 1931, París). Comandante en jefe del ejército francés en el frente occidental en la primera guerra mundial. Fue el responsable de la desastrosa campaña con la que las fuerzas francesas iniciaron las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joffre, Joseph (-Jacques-Césaire) — born Jan. 12, 1852, Rivesaltes, France died Jan. 3, 1931, Paris French commander in chief on the Western Front in World War I. He was responsible for the calamitous campaign with which the French army began operations in 1914 against Germany, but …   Universalium

  • Joseph Jacques Cesaire Joffre — noun French field marshal who commanded the Allied armies in France during World War II (1852 1931) • Syn: ↑Joffre • Instance Hypernyms: ↑field marshal …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jacques — /zhahk/, n. a male given name, French form of Jacob or James. * * * (as used in expressions) Jacques Fournier Besson Jacques Bossuet Jacques Bénigne Brel Jacques Brissot de Warville Jacques Pierre Callot Jacques Cartier Jacques Chirac Jacques… …   Universalium

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Jacques — (as used in expressions) Amboise, Jacques d Jacques Joseph Ahearn Jean Jacques Fougère Audubon Jacques Fournier Besson, Jacques Bossuet, Jacques Bénigne Brel, Jacques Brissot (de Warville), Jacques Pierre Callot, Jacques Cartier, Jacques Chirac,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Addison, Joseph Akiba ben Joseph Jacques Joseph Ahearn Arrow, Kenneth J(oseph) Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Banks, Sir Joseph Belloc, (Joseph Pierre) Hilaire Berrigan, Daniel (Joseph) y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph Joffre — Joffre redirects here. For the former settlement in California, see Joffre, California. Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre Nickname Papa Joffre …   Wikipedia

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